Tinnitus and Hearing Center of Arizona - Audiology, Tinnitus, Oticon, Phonak, Resound Hearing Aids Tempe. Formerly Tri-City Audiology Tempe.
There is no medication shown to cure tinnitus. To date, there is no conclusive evidence of benefit from replicated double-blind clinical trials. Certain medications however can be useful in the management of coexisting anxiety and depression and can help people to cope temporarily with their tinnitus. Many studies indicate that certain medications can serve to reduce tinnitus severity for some patients. The most common medications used are amitriptyline (Elavil), alprazolam (Xanax), diazepam (Valium), and histamine. All posses side effects though (e.g. sedation, dry mouth, etc.)
Claims that medications, vitamins, and herbs treat tinnitus are usually based on the informal reports of a small number of people. These claims are not based upon formal research using enough people with tinnitus. A review of studies published in scientific journals, especially well-designed "randomized trials" show that no medical or herbal therapies including popular ones such as Gingko Biloba work in the treatment of tinnitus. Randomized, clinical trials and critical analysis of tinnitus treatments including complementary and alternative approaches are increasingly reported in the literature. The benefit of other alternative treatment techniques, such as acupuncture or hyperbaric oxygen therapy is no different than a placebo effect (sugar pill). The placebo effect is an improvement solely dependent on the patient's belief that the therapy will be effective. For tinnitus therapy, the placebo effect is quite high in the short term, roughly 40%. After 4-6 months, this effect drops to 2-5%.
Ironically, certain medications used for the treatment of tinnitus, such as alprazolam (Xanax), are also on the list of medications known to cause tinnitus or make tinnitus symptoms more noticeable.